Learn parthenon art history with free interactive flashcards choose from 500 different sets of parthenon art history flashcards on quizlet. The parthenon temple the parthenon is the most famous and the most recognizable ancient greek building it was completed in 432 bc at the cost of 12,000,000 drachmae (an average worker earned about two drachmae a day. The sad history of the parthenon marbles one of the greatest artistic achievements ever is the parthenon many sculptures were removed from the temple and transported to england. 1 a heretical (orthodox) history of the parthenon by anthony kaldellis, associate professor (department of greek and latin, the ohio state university.
A week and a half ago, 26 september, marked the 327th anniversary of the destruction of the parthenon in athens during a venetian siege of the city on that date in 1687—and in fact, it was a friday as it was this year—a mortar round penetrated the marble roof of the 2,000 year old temple. History of the parthenon the origins of the sacred use of the great limestone rock rising from the attic plain are unknown they were forgotten long before the writing of the first recorded histories of athens. The temple of athena parthenos, commonly known as the parthenon, is the most recognizable edifice of classical greece, and possibly of classical antiquity as a whole its name means temple of athena the virgin, and because athena was the patroness of athens, it was the grandest and most important building in the city.
The parthenon is a temple in the middle of the acropolis in athens, greece (europe) it was a temple to athena for nearly 2000 years the name parthenon means the virgin's place in greek. The parthenon is considered to be a perfect temple to look at it from its front, it looks perfectly straight but, the genius of its temple lies in the optical refinements that were used in order to fool the eye into seeing something totally straight. The parthenon is among the most recognizable icons of greece's golden age, but the marble building also served as a religious sanctuary for subsequent empires it was a church to the byzantines. The parthenon, in athens, must be one of the most widely recognised buildings in the world from its position atop the city's acropolis it has watched over 2,400 years of history go by, and yet when you visit the site itself, that fact can easily escape your mind. The parthenon is an amazing greek temple that was built 2,500 years ago even the architects of today have numerous questions about how it was constructed and how it has held up through its eventful past.
Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the acropolis at athens it was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the greek goddess athena parthenos (athena the virgin) the temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the doric order , the simplest of the three classical greek architectural orders. About the parthenon the parthenon is probably the most famous surviving site from ancient greece standing at the heart of the acropolis in the centre of athens, the parthenon is a monument to classical greek civilisation. The term ancient, or archaic, greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between 800 bc and 500 bc—a relatively sophisticated period in world history archaic greece.
On our first full day in greece, we will tour the acropolis archaeological site and the new acropolis museum this state of the art museum, opened to the public on june 21, 2009, was built to house the sculptures of the parthenon, known as the parthenon marbles or elgin marbles, attributed to the ancient greek sculptor phidias (c 480 - 430 bce. The parthenon has a long and complex history the building was altered and the sculptures were damaged over the course of the centuries it began nearly 2,500 years ago as a temple dedicated to athena. History of the parthenons the construction of the parthenon was a key political issue not only for athens, but for all greece among others, thucydides deals extensively with this issue in explaining the causes of the peloponnesian war, the catastrophe that brought greek classical civilization to a tragic end.
A little-known fact about the temple is that, before the parthenon, there was a different temple for athena built on the acropolis this temple was destroyed by the persians, an old enemy of the. In any case, by 560 bc, the first temple dedicated to athena polias (protector of the city) was constructed atop the acropolis also known as the hekatompedon , the doric limestone building flaunted some pretty intriguing features, including sculpture of a three-bodied man-serpent with a blue beard.
The parthenon was built on the site of an older temple after the greek victory at marathon in 490 bce it was built to honor the goddess athena , for whom the city is named pericles was also responsible for the building of the erechtheion, the propylaia, and the temple of athena nike. A drawing illustrating the floor plan of the parthenon (447-438 bce) the number of doric columns in the outer colonnade (8x17) was unusual for a greek temple (6x13) the cella contained the 12m high cult statue of athena and the rear smaller chamber was used as the treasury of the city of athens. The history of the parthenon by: alyssa osburn this man was a famous sculptor in ancient athens, he was the sculptor that was overseeing the completion of the parthenon.